Monday, 10 November 2008

[creative-radio] Digest Number 2493

There are 7 messages in this issue.

Topics in this digest:

1. Nord Kivu DRC: Kiwanja community radio station Ushrika Racou ransack
From: George Lessard

2. UK….Manchester's gay radio station granted five-year F M lic
From: George Lessard

3. Knoxville,TN,USA - The little radio station that could
From: George Lessard

4. KIBATI, Congo (AP) - Victwahiki Munyamariza of Community Radio of Ki
From: George Lessard

5. OpenAir is an online radio channel dedicated to representing and cel
From: George Lessard

6. New Delhi, India - Experts ask media to boost Community Radio Moveme
From: George Lessard

7. Lagos,Nigeria - At Africast, echo of Community Radio keeps pulsating
From: George Lessard

1. Nord Kivu DRC: Kiwanja community radio station Ushrika Racou ransack
Posted by: "George Lessard" themediamentor
Date: Sun Nov 9, 2008 3:58 pm ((PST))

Kiwanja community radio station Ushrika Racou was ransacked and looted
Tuesday (November 4) by CNDP forces, reported the NGO Benevolencia,
rendering it unable to broadcast. The staff fled. Reports that one
journalist was shot and killed turned out, happily, untrue.

Other community radio stations shut down so staff to find safety and,
perhaps, to prevent looting. Dorkia FM, located near the famous mountain
gorilla refuge Virunga National Park, reopened Friday (November 7). UN
funded Radio Okapi is receiving protection from UN peacekeepers.

Most radio stations in the Nord Kivu region are sponsored either by
community associations or religious organizations. Goma, the only city of
size, has several commercial stations and is home to Radio Okapi. State
broadcaster RTNC has stations in Goma and Butembo. - a knowledge base for media professionals
Reach Out - Media Development International Broadcasting Public Diplomacy is a thoughtful journalistic access-point for media
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2. UK….Manchester's gay radio station granted five-year F M lic
Posted by: "George Lessard" themediamentor
Date: Sun Nov 9, 2008 3:59 pm ((PST))

UK….Manchester's gay radio station granted five-year FM licence ...
By breederboy
"Community radio services typically cover a small geographical area and
are provided on a not-for-profit basis focusing on the delivery of specific
social benefits to enrich a particular geographical community or a
community of interest ...

Messages in this topic (1)
3. Knoxville,TN,USA - The little radio station that could
Posted by: "George Lessard" themediamentor
Date: Sun Nov 9, 2008 4:00 pm ((PST))

The little radio station that could
WBIR-TV - Knoxville,TN,USA
Community radio station WDVX celebrated its 11th birthday this week. To say
the station has grown since its humble beginnings goes beyond
understatement. ...

Messages in this topic (1)
4. KIBATI, Congo (AP) - Victwahiki Munyamariza of Community Radio of Ki
Posted by: "George Lessard" themediamentor
Date: Sun Nov 9, 2008 4:04 pm ((PST))

"...On Saturday, a Congolese journalist who was reported killed by
Nkunda's rebels in Kiwanja went on U.N. Radio Okapi to say he is alive.
Alfred Ndjondjo Victwahiki Munyamariza of Community Radio of Kiwanja said
rebels looted his home and, as he fled outside with his wife and young
daughter, his house was destroyed by a rocket. None of them were injured,
he said.

On Thursday, the director of his radio station, Jean-Baptiste Kiana, told
the AP that Munyamariza, 25, was targeted by rebels who accused him of
broadcasting anti-rebel statements and shot him in the head.

Asked why he had given false information, Kiana said "You have to
understand how stressed I am. I have no idea what I said to you."

Three foreign journalists who were thought missing in the fighting
returned to Goma on Friday.

Associated Press writers Michelle Faul in Goma, Tom Maliti and Elizabeth
A. Kennedy in Nairobi, Kenya, and AP photographer Jerome Delay in Kibati,
Congo, contributed to this report...."

Messages in this topic (1)
5. OpenAir is an online radio channel dedicated to representing and cel
Posted by: "George Lessard" themediamentor
Date: Sun Nov 9, 2008 10:12 pm ((PST))

OpenAir is an online radio channel dedicated to representing and
celebrating cross-cultural London. Housed by the School of Oriental and
African Studies (SOAS) , University of London, the
station builds on the rich and varied expertise of the institution and its
links with local communities. Radio shows range from Bollywood to DUB,
Japanese Pop and African current affairs programmes. Shows are mainly
presented in English, with weekly specials in Japanese, Mandarin, Hindi
and Spanish.

Essentially user-generated, OpenAir combines fresh, creative programming
with languages and music from around the world to produce innovative audio
content. Open Air is run with the help of volunteers from the University
of London and like-minded communities from London and around the world.

Open Air aims:

* to create an independent space for fresh perspectives on
cross-cultural London by providing innovative programmes from a range
of various and varied viewpoints
* to encourage wider participation from the diaspora communities and
facilitating access to this media type by providing training,
workshops and guidance
* to build a community across differences of language, culture and
location, creatively involving groups from like-minded communities in
collaborative radio production with the SOAS community.

London is loud, it is a vibrant, dirty but inspiring, confusing and
expensive, brash, humble, divided and mixed, adaptable, seedy though
stimulating, never-ending city.

OpenAir is a channel for volunteers and listeners who want to discover and
perhaps to make sense of cross-cultural London. We want to question,
challenge, debate, provoke, create, communicate, laugh and party to some
of the best tunes our capital's cultural chaos has to offer.

Core Programming

There are more than 21 music and speech programmes that make up the core
of OpenAir's broadcasting activities. As an eclectic mix of music,
interviews, features and live debates spanning five continents, there
really is something for everyone but all programmes are held together with
a common thread, namely a multi-cultural view of the world through the
long lens of London.

Aside from its core progamming, OpenAir showcases a number of key themes
throughout the year that are 'close to its heart'. In the past, these have
included hosting Refugee Week Radio as part of the National Refugee Week
in June 2007, Students RISE festival in November 2007 and Students GO
GREEN week in February 2008, as well as programme production at the grass
roots alongside Camden Community Radio

Messages in this topic (1)
6. New Delhi, India - Experts ask media to boost Community Radio Moveme
Posted by: "George Lessard" themediamentor
Date: Sun Nov 9, 2008 10:20 pm ((PST))

Experts ask media to boost Community Radio Movement - New Delhi,India
Suman Basnet, South Asian regional director of World Association of
Community Radio Broadcasters or Association Mundial De Radio Comunitarias
(AMARC) ...



October 14, 2008

New Delhi: Have you ever heard anybody calling radio an 'Idiot Box'?
Never. Yet Radio experience in India has mostly been from the gigantic
broadcasting house, All India Radio (AIR). The recently emerged FM radios
are only cosmetic boredom, like TVs, to the concept of development of
grassroots of population.

The conference on 'Community Radio: Practices and Possibilities' at Indira
Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) recently discussed a plethora of
issues dogging the grassroots and lamented the current state of Indian
Community Radio (CR) movement started way back in 1951 during India's
initial Plan years.

Indian Media drew most flak for ignoring a movement very core in the
concept of democracy and development of a nation.

"They should have prioritized the CR movement and its processes of how to
create awareness among umpteen communities about their rights,
opportunities, vocational expertise, knowledge and the need to avail
themselves of these. They should have concertedly raised region and
issue-specific CRs addressing target communities, with a view to improving
their living condition. Instead, what the post-Independent Indian media
did was far removed from the necessity of development journalism". This
was what irked the speakers at the conference.

The Government Policy of Community Radio, 2002 promised to set up over
4,000 CRs, but till date India only set up 45, that too mostly in public

Compare this with its 35-year-old neighbour - Bangladesh' feat. It already
charted 140 CRs to boast of. The Bangladesh Government officially adopted
a CR policy only in 2008, in response to the World Bank vision for "a
world free of poverty".

Former Information Commissioner Dr. O.P. Kejriwal stressed, "Though our
generation speaks of globalization, we rather need more focus on
globalization. So along with broadcasting, we need narrow casting. If we
adapt modern broadcast technologies for local broadcasts, we have
community radio, where we have communities participating not only as
broadcasters but as listeners too."


The functionaries must accommodate and educate future trained hands for
running and owning CRs, for which CEMCA has already announced 150 annual
scholarships for capable students of IGNOU's Certificate Programme in CR.

There cannot be one solution to deal with issues, nor one uniform code for
all communities.

Local knowledge, geographical indication in health products, herbals
medicines, must be promoted through CRs.

Messages in this topic (1)
7. Lagos,Nigeria - At Africast, echo of Community Radio keeps pulsating
Posted by: "George Lessard" themediamentor
Date: Sun Nov 9, 2008 10:29 pm ((PST))

At Africast, echo of Community Radio keeps pulsating
The Guardian - Nigeria - Lagos,Nigeria

They were Steve Buckley, President, World Association of Community Radio
Broadcasters (AMARC); Dr. Tunde Adegbola of African Languages Technology
Initiative ...



In fact, a whole session on Thursday, October 23 was dedicated to
community broadcasting where advocates in that special segment of the
industry were invited to update participants on the progress made so far
in the campaign to bringing broadcasting to the grassroots. Amplifying the
People's Voices - Community Broadcasting in a Digital Era: Dialectics of
mascots and jinxes was the subject of discussion and three speakers
treated it satisfactorily. They were Steve Buckley, President, World
Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC); Dr. Tunde Adegbola of
African Languages Technology Initiative in Ibadan; and Mrs. Jummai Umar
Ajijola, who was represented by her husband, Hakeem. They are members of
the Community Radio Coalition (CRC), an advocacy group rooting for the
establishment of community radio in Nigeria and other African countries.

Other members of the coalition that participated in Africast are Pauline
Bend, Programme Director, Panos Institute West Africa; Franklin Huizies,
Board Member, AMARC-Africa and CEO, National Community Radio Forum of
South Africa; Friday Aizeboje of Sound Broadcast Communication; Idayat
Alimi, Department of Communication and Languages Arts, University of
Ibadan; and Akin Akingbulu of Institute for Media and Society (IMESO),


"AMARC is an international membership organisation that groups together
community radio stations, production groups and their federations in 113
countries worldwide. This year we are celebrating 25 years since our
foundation, in Montreal, in 1983, by a group of Canadian community radio
activists. But community broadcasting has been around a lot longer than
that. It is more than 60 years since its early origins in the Americas -
in Bolivia, Colombia and the United States."

But on the African continent, community broadcasting, according to him,
"is a relative youngster" Buckley traced its emergence to "a wave of
democratic reform and political change."

In 1991, he said, Mali became the first country to end the state
broadcasting monopoly inherited from colonial times and to open its
airwaves to private and community broadcasters. Benin followed in 1992 and
then South Africa, following the end of the apartheid era. "The majority
of countries in sub-Saharan Africa today have at least some community
broadcasting services. More often than not, their emergence has been
associated with broader political developments - strengthened democracy,
greater civic participation, increased social accountability."


Dr. Tunde Adegbola, in his presentation, also linked developments that
have made broadcasting possible at the community level to advancements in
digital technology.

He went down the memory lane: "In the early days of radio broadcasting,
radio studios utilised expensive analog sound production and reproduction
equipment which had to be operated by specially trained engineers. In
addition, the transmitter, which is the core equipment in radio
broadcasting, depended on a specially and precisely cut crystal which
controlled the frequency at which the transmitter radiates the
electromagnetic energy that propels the sounds to be communicated.

"Such transmitters which incorporated large coils and condensers were
expensive and so were beyond the economic reach of the average small
community that would have wished to use radio to extend its voice. Today,
however, with digital technology, and particularly the development of the
simple phase locked loop (PLL) circuit, it is now possible to determine
and control the frequency of a transmitter by the simple throw of a set of
DIP switches. This and many other advantages of digital technology have
made radio broadcasting much cheaper and hence democratised access to one
of the most popular means of mass communication. Due to these
developments, it is now possible to purchase a complete radio station in a
suit case for under about N750,000."

This digital technology, Adegbola argued, has not only widened access to
radio broadcasting "by making it feasible to set up a relatively cheap
radio production and transmission chain in a local community," it has also
engendered high efficiency in the utilisation of the radio spectrum by the
use of broadcasting techniques based on digital radio transmission.
Besides, it has the overall effect of expanding the existing radio
spectrum by accommodating each radio station in much smaller slices of the
radio spectrum.


Messages in this topic (1)

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