Wednesday, 28 January 2009

[creative-radio] Digest Number 2551

There are 2 messages in this issue.

Topics in this digest:

1. PANOS RADIO SOUTH ASIA's Latest Panoscope Issue, 28 January 2009
From: Satish Jung Shahi

2. The Soul Beat Issue 122: Communication and Elections in Africa
From: George Lessard

1. PANOS RADIO SOUTH ASIA's Latest Panoscope Issue, 28 January 2009
Posted by: "Satish Jung Shahi" sjshahi
Date: Wed Jan 28, 2009 6:36 am ((PST))

Panos Radio South Asia | Latest Panoscope Issue, 28 January 2009
Latest Upload on Panoscope:
Open for Business

In this edition of Panoscope, we take you to Indian administered Kashmir where trade relations between the divided parts of Jammu & Kashmir have resumed after a six decade gap. Trade relations were disrupted immediately after the partition in 1947, following the end of British rule.
Country: India-Pakistan
Upload Date: 28/01/2009

Duration: 15:00

File Size: 13.7 MB


Panoscope is an independent production of Panos Radio South Asia. We're committed to providing a forum for voices, views, and issues not often heard in the mainstream media. Non-profit media, development and other organizations can download Panoscope radio magazine free of cost for air or online use. Credit should be given to Panos Radio South Asia (PRSA) an undertaking of Panos South Asia. If you have suggestions for future programs please contact us at:

Panos Radio South Asia
GPO Box 13651
Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel.: 977-1-5521889/5531447

[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

Messages in this topic (1)
2. The Soul Beat Issue 122: Communication and Elections in Africa
Posted by: "George Lessard" themediamentor
Date: Wed Jan 28, 2009 8:28 am ((PST))

---------------------------- Original Message ----------------------------
Subject: The Soul Beat Issue 122: Communication and Elections in Africa
From: "The Soul Beat" <>
Date: Wed, January 28, 2009 10:23


The Soul Beat Issue 122: Communication and Elections in Africa
January 28 2009

From SOUL BEAT AFRICA - where communication and media are central to
AFRICA's social and economic development


Subscribe to The Soul Beat:
Access this issue online at

The Soul Beat Subscribers: 14,110
CI Portal User Sessions, past 12 months: 2,529,192


This issue of The Soul Beat looks at the role of communication in
elections in Africa. It includes programme experiences, strategic thinking
documents, and materials which highlight how communication and the media
can contribute to voter education, citizen participation, monitoring and
observation, the management of conflict, and the increased participation
of women electoral candidates.

If you would like your organisation's communication work or research and
resource documents to be featured on the Soul Beat Africa website and in
The Soul Beat newsletters, please contact

Please help us grow the network by forwarding this newsletter to your
colleagues and broader networks. They can subscribe by going to or by sending an email to with a subject of "subscribe".



1. Khululeka Siyavota - South Africa
Initiated by the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) Education
department, this television drama series is designed to address issues
related to voter education, the secrecy of a vote, and the emotional
readiness of voting in preparation for the South African elections in
Contact Lesley Fahey

2. West African Elections Project - Cote d'Ivoire/Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea
Coordinated by the International Institute for Information and
Communication Technologies (ICTs) Journalism (PenPlusBytes), this project
seeks to develop the capacity of the media in information and
communication technologies (ICTs) as a tool for election coverage and the
provision of election information for elections planned in Ghana, Cote
d'lvoire, and Guinea from 2008 to 2009. A key component of the project is
the African Election Portal which is designed to provide comprehensive
election related information on the various countries covered by the
online portal.
Contact Cote d'Ivoire/Ivory Coast OR Ghana OR Guinea

3. Angola Solta a Tua Voz! (Angola Lift Up Your Voice) - Angola
This music project by Search for Common Ground (SFCG) in Angola, supported
by UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the European
Commission, involves the production and distribution of a compact disc
(CD) featuring songs with messages of peace and unity by popular Angolan
musicians from diverse parts of the country. It was produced for the
run-up to the September 2008 elections, with the aim of motivating
Angolans to participate peacefully in the newly emerging democracy. The
organisation also used radio and television media to help promote the CD
and its messages.
Contact Michael Bodakowski OR Frances Fortune

4. Ushahidi - Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Kenya, South Africa
Ushahidi, which means "testimony" in Swahili, is an online platform for
collating information during emergency situations. Individuals are able to
submit crisis information through text messaging using a mobile phone,
email, or web form, which is then displayed on a map or timeline, to
assist with identifying problem areas. Ushahidi was first developed to map
reports of violence in Kenya after the post-election period at the
beginning of 2008. The Ushahidi Engine used the lessons learned from Kenya
to develop a platform designed to allow anyone around the world to use the
tool to gather reports and map them.
Contact: Visit the online form

5. Search for Common Ground (SFCG): Elections in Sierra Leone - Sierra Leone
In Sierra Leone, Search for Common Ground's (SFCG) strategy focuses on
building capacity and establishing local structures that support
sustaining peace and building citizen participation in governance. This
included an initiative to help support a credible and free outcome in the
2007 presidential and parliamentary elections, and the 2008 local
government elections. In addition to supporting an extensive national
voter education campaign, which included the use of television and live
constituency debates with parliamentary candidates in strategic locations
and on the radio, SFCG focused its efforts on leading the development of
the Independent Radio Network (IRN) and National Election Watch (NEW), a
coalition of civil society organisations dedicated to elections
Contact Frances Fortune OR Ambrose James

6. ActionAid Election Project in Nigeria - Nigeria
Leading up to the 2007 elections in Nigeria, ActionAid Nigeria, together
with partners at the national, community, and state levels, implemented a
project to provide platforms for people to engage with the issues and
processes leading to free and fair elections. This included building the
capacity of civil society and communities on issues related to the
protection of their mandate during and after elections; building capacity
of civil society and communities on election observation and reporting;
and encouraging partnerships with relevant stakeholders towards the
conduct of a free and fair election. The project had 7 main activities,
ranging from stakeholders' forums and conferences to capacity building and
public information campaigns.
Contact: ActionAid Nigeria


Deadline for submission of abstracts: 2 February 2009

The Gender and Media Diversity Journal is the biennial journal of the
Gender and Media Diversity Centre (GMDC). The sixth edition of the Journal
will focus on the topic of "Gender, Diversity, Elections and the Media"
and the GMDC is calling for contributions.

For more information go to



7. Election Campaigns, Balance, and the Mass Media
by Holli A. Semetko
This document describes and analyses the role of media in elections in
four democracies and societies in transition: Mexico, Turkey, Russia, and
Kenya. Because mass media are the most common source for information about
election campaigns in democracies and societies in transition around the
world, the author argues that concerns about political bias in the mass
media are at the heart of debates about the roles and responsibilities of
the media at election time, due to the possibility that the media will,
intentionally or unintentionally, influence the electorate. Moreover,
where voting is not mandatory, the press may be used by political parties
to either stimulate turnout or to repress turnout to accomplish their

8. How Far to Go? Kenya's Media Caught in the Turmoil of a Failed Election
This report documents the findings of a fact-finding mission conducted by
Reporters without Borders, International Media Support (IMS), and Article
19 to investigate the successes and failures of the country's media during
the post-election crisis in Kenya. According to the report, when violence
erupted and spread, all the media joined together (sometimes in chorus)
and printed long editorials, commentaries, and articles and even joint
front pages calling for national harmony. But this switch to being
peacemakers shocked some Kenyans and foreign observers, especially
journalists and media experts. They said it was not only dishonest but
that the media had become involved in role-playing that diverted it from
its job of seeking out the truth in the public interest.

9. Media and Elections/Governance
by Deborah Walter (ed.)
This section of the fourth edition of the Gender and Media Diversity
Journal, published by the Gender and Media Diversity Centre, explores
elections and governance including: paradoxical images of women in the
post-election media coverage in Kenya; the relationship of women,
politics, and the media; and gender balance in the Russian media.

10. Design for Democracy African Style
by Wendy MacNaughton
This article discusses the challenges, lessons, and impact of a national
civic sensitisation campaign for the first democratic local elections in
Rwanda which were held in 2001. The purpose of the campaign, which
involved the design and distribution of a series of posters, fliers, and
graffiti images, was to educate citizens about the purpose and importance
of voting, teach people to use a secret ballot, and motivate people to
participate. The author discusses the challenges of creating designs that
communicated equally to literate and non-literate voters; were sensitive
to ethnicity and ethnic, political, and economic division; and were
culturally appropriate.



Which of the options below best describe the role played by community
radio stations in elections in Africa (you may choose more than one).

* supportive of democratic processes
* potential is underutilised
* potential is ignored completely
* abused by political parties
* biased
* uninformed

To vote and send comments go to and see the Top Right
side of the page.



11. Cobertura Eleitoral Responsável em Angola - Manual do Jornalista
(Responsible Election Coverage in Angola - Manual for Journalists)
Search for Common Ground (SFCG) in Angola, in partnership with IFES
(International Foundation for Electoral Systems) and with funding from the
US Department of State's Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, were
involved in a campaign to prepare the Angolan Media for the parliamentary
elections. As part of this initiative, SFCG and IFES developed this
handbook on responsible election reporting for media practitioners.

12. Outside the Ballot Box: Preconditions for Elections in Southern Africa
by Jeanette Minnie
This is the second edition of Outside the Ballot Box, an initiative of the
Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa (NiZA), the Media Institute of
Southern Africa (MISA), the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa
(OSISA), and the Humanist Institute for Development Co-operation (HiVOS).
In this edition, 14 authors write about the state of affairs related to
elections, democracy, and civil society in Southern Africa. Some of the
questions the authors of this book are attempting to answer are: What role
do elections play in strengthening democracy, observance of human rights,
and in providing capacity to poor and marginalised people to express their
demands and needs? Do women participate on an equal basis? Can elections
in a one-party state be free and fair?

13. Women and Elections: Guide to Promoting the Participation of Women in
This handbook is intended as a quick reference guide for organisations
working to promote the participation of women in the electoral process in
post-conflict countries. The handbook describes the opportunities for
expanding women's involvement at each of the key stages of the electoral
process, and includes a set of general recommendations. Recommendations
for each stage of the election process are also covered.

14. Media + Elections: An Elections Reporting Handbook
by Ross Howard
This handbook is designed to offer journalists basic preparation for
meeting the challenges of covering elections, particularly for countries
where democracy is fragile or a new idea. According to the publication,
every country has different election rules and campaign issues, but there
are some worldwide standards for an election to be considered free and
fair. The handbook highlights some of the rights and responsibilities of
professional journalists as well as some of the skills journalists require
to help voters become better informed.

15. Producão de Programas "Educacão Cívica Eleitoral" (Election Coverage
in a Community Radio)
This publication is part of a series of Portuguese-language training
materials produced during "Strengthening Democracy and Governance through
Development of the Media in Mozambique", a United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)/United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP) media development project that ran from 1998 to 2006 in
Mozambique. Part of the project included a process to identify and define
how community radios can best play their role as community promoters of
social change and to define the role of community radio in the electoral
process. A national consultative process was initiated in 2002. The result
of these seminars was a set of clear recommendations, condensed into "Ten
Rules of Conduct for Community Radios during the Election Period".

16. MobileActive Strategy Guide #1: Using Mobile Phones in Elections and
Voter Registration Campaigns
by Michael Stein
This series of Strategy Guides is designed to equip organisations around
the world with the know-how to deploy effective mobile campaigns for a
variety of types of activism and advocacy. Guide #1 covers the use of
mobile phones in elections, both as voter registration and monitoring
tools. They can also be used to educate citizens on candidates and their
stances on issues and for fund raising in support of candidates. According
to this guide, mobile phones have been used for systematic election
monitoring in Nigeria, Macedonia, Sierra Leone, and Kenya, among women
voters in Saudi Arabia, and in popular uprisings in the Ukraine and South

17. A Campaign Manual for Women Candidates in the Sierra Leone Local
Government Elections
This training manual, developed by the National Democratic Institute
(NDI), is designed to train women candidates in campaigning for local
elections. According to the NDI, they train women candidates because women
generally face more challenges than men in running for office, but, once
elected, work hard to serve and improve their communities. The guide has 4
key sections that cover everything from the role of local government to
planning a campaign, speaking in public, and fundraising.


18. Reporting on Elections for Radio (Feb 23-24 2009) Johannesburg, South
Organised by the Institute for the Advancement of Journalism (IAJ), this
course is designed for radio reporters, producers, and freelance reporters
planning to cover the South African national elections in 2009.

19. Getting Media Mileage for 2009 Elections (Feb 23-25 2009)
Johannesburg, South Africa
This IAJ workshop is designed for party spokespersons, as well as
communicators from government and civil society sectors who need to get
their elections message across.


Related previous issues of The Soul Beat include:

The Soul Beat 99 - Communication for Conflict Prevention and Resolution

The Soul Beat 107 - Governance in Africa

To view archived editions of The Soul Beat Newsletter see


We would love to hear from you: Please send us your comments by going to or email

For more comments on the Soul Beat Africa website see

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